This is a cleaning appointment, where the hygienist thoroughly cleans your teeth and slightly under the gums to remove any plaque and tartar build-up. This helps prevent gum disease by preventing the gum (gingival) tissues from becoming inflamed.
This is the term used to describe the condition when the gum tissues become red, swollen, inflamed and bleed easily. This is due to plaque and tartar that accumulates that allows bacterial colonies. The immune system cells present in the saliva attack the bacteria which leads to the puffy red gums. Overtime, this inflammation can damage the bone that surrounds the teeth, which we call Periodontitis.